Bronnaya Gora


About ten kilometres east of Brest and along the railway between Brest and Minsk is Bronnaya Gora. About 400 meters from the station, the Nazis established an execution site. The choice of Bronnaya Gora was due to the fact that it was close to a railway line, which made it easy to transport the Jews to the place of execution and that the land consisted of sand and thus easy to dig in. About 50,000 Jews were murdered in Bronnaya Gora, primarily from the ghettos of Brest and Pinsk. Bronnaya Gora was used on more than one occasion to murder Jews. In the summer of 1943, the mass graves were opened and the Nazis forced Jewish prisoners to cremate the corpses of their fellow believers.

Current status: Monument (2010).

Location: 52°36'05.32"N 25°04'46.30"E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

After the war, a monument was erected on the site, but nothing was mentioned about Jews being murdered, but the victims were called soviet citizens. This was not unique because the Soviet Union had no plans whatsoever to share the martyrdom with other groups. Therefore, all the victims were named Soviet citizens and not based on any specific group affiliation. Some time after the war, an industry was established near the mass graves and a railroad track was drawn from the nearby station to the industry right through the mass graves. Later, power lines were also drawn directly over the mass graves, crossing the knitting groove. The reason why the site was so desecrated by the Soviet authorities was that it was simply considered necessary for the construction of socialism. A mass grave was then not allowed to stand in the way of socialism.

Follow up in books: Arad, Yitzhak: Holocaust in the Soviet union (2009).