Liverpool Blitz

In september 1940, the german air force began with intense bombing of british cities and industrial areas. The bombing was named the Blitz and aimed to cripple the British war industry and the will to force the british to peace negotiations. But the British were not defeated and there was no question of any invasion of the British mainland.

It was London that was hit hardest by the Blitz but also cities like Sheffield, Coventry, Birmingham, Manchester, Southampton, Glasgow, Belfast, Hull, Cardiff and Liverpool were hit hard. For Liverpool, it was the port quarter that was the main target. There were convoys of supplies and materials, which greatly contributed to the United Kingdom’s holding out as they stood alone against a victorious Germany.

The first bombing occurred in late August 1940 when 160 bombers bombed the city at night. This bombing was followed by further raids during autumn and winter with a peak around Christmas. The bombings hit both civilian and industrial targets. After the new year, the bombing dropped drastically but intensified in May 1941 when the germans bombed the city several nights in a row. The devastation in both buildings and humans was widespread and rendered thousands of people homeless. A total of 4,800 people were killed during the bombings. After London, Liverpool was the city hardest hit by the Blitz.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished with monument (2023).

Address: Leece Street, Liverpool, L1 2TR.

Get there: Metro to Liverpool Central station.

My comment:

There are several monuments scattered in Liverpool dedicated to the bombings but St. Luke’s Church has become the symbol of the German Blitz against Liverpool. In addition to monuments, there are also bunkers on the outskirts of Liverpool, which were built as part of a major’s defense in the event of a German land attack on Liverpool.

Follow up in books: Holland, James: The Battle of Britain: Five Months That Changed History; May-October 1940 (2011).