Ereda


In a wooded area outside a small town called Ereda in northern Estonia, the Nazis established one of the first satellite camps for Vaivara in the autumn of 1943. The prisoners who were in the camp were Jews who came from Lithuania and Germany and were used as slave workers in a slate mine. In connection with German troops retreating westward, the camp became a collection camp for prisoners evacuated from camps further east, including. Vaivara. Hundreds of prisoners were shot outside the camp as a consequence of regular selection. The camp was dismantled and demolished in the autumn of 1944 and the prisoners were forced away on so-called death marches westwards, including by boat from Tallinn to the Stutthof concentration camp in Poland. Barely 2,000 Jewish men, women, and children sat in the camp during its existence.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2010).

Location: 59°19'43.57" N 27°15'25.24" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

It may be, or rather is, difficult to find information about the number of prisoners, the dead, the organization or how the camps looked in camps such as Ereda, Kiviöli and Kuremäe. Other camps like Lagedi south of Tallinn do not even know where it was. But this was not unique to camps in the former. The Soviet Union where the traces of the smaller camps were swept under the carpet. The testimonies of the few survivors were forgotten or ignored and no detailed mapping of the camps was carried out. This is also a problem that exists among similar western European camps, but there the information is anyway better.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).