Kuremäe


About forty kilometres south of Narva lies a small town called Kuremae and here the Nazis in the autumn of 1943 established a satellite camp to Vaivara. The camp was also sometimes called Iluka because it is located in the area called Iluka. The prisoners were Jews who came via Vaivara from the settled ghettos of Lithuania and Latvia. They were used as slave laborers in war-producing industries or to build defense facilities. In the summer of 1944, the SS began evacuating and demolishing the camp as the Soviet Red Army approached. As with other camps in north-eastern Estonia, the prisoners were evacuated westward.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2011).

Location: 59°12' 20.14" N 27°31' 45.58" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

There were a large number of similar camps in especially northern and northeastern Estonia and of these there is nothing left, either they were demolished by the Nazis or destroyed by the communists after the war. At some of the sites, monuments were set up either by the communist authorities or on private local initiatives. Somewhere around 2005, in a few of these places, new monuments were erected next to possibly old monuments. The reason why monuments were not established at all sites is because there was a concern that there would simply be too many monuments within a limited geographical area and thus become one normality in this area. This reasoning is not entirely groundless because we do not react to what is normal.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).