Kaufering VII


Between June and October 1944, several camps were set up called Kaufering-Landsberg, about 40 kilometres southwest of Munich. These camps were all satellite camps to Dachau and the first prisoners to arrive were Lithuanian Jews. In October 1944 large numbers of czech, polish, hungarian and romanian jews arrived. These prisoners were part of a program called, Jägerstab, and had been moved to Germany as forced labourers. Their task was to establish underground factories for the construction of a new fighter plane called Messerschmitt 262. The prisoners were housed in barracks, half of which laid benath surface. Kaufering VII was established between July and September 1944 and consisted of 62 barracks and had during its existence between 2000 – 3000 prisoners.

The prisoners were forced to work on a railway construction and three underground facilities called Walnuss II, Weingut II and Diana II. In 1945, a typhoid epidemic broke out in the camp, killing thousands of prisoners. In late April 1945, the SS evacuated the camp and the prisoners were forced out on Death marches towards Dachau. When the Americans liberated the camp on April 27, 1945, SS had set several barracks on fire and hundreds of corpses were scattered throughout the camps. A few prisoners who had hidden or were left behind by the SS met the American liberators. Hard work, lack of food, supplies and medicines led to the death of about 14,500 out of 30,000 prisoners who were in one of the eleven camps. The entire camp complex was demolished at the end of the war. In 1983 some barracks were found by coincidence at the former site of camp Kaufering VII.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2010).

Address: Erpftinger Strasse, 86899 Landsberg am Lech.

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The ninth episode in the series, Band of Brothers (2001), Why We Fight, is about the liberation of Kaufering IV. This is by far the most well-made and realistic film adaptation made so far by a concentration camp. All Kaufering camps has its own monuments.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).