Vulkan


In early December 1944, about 650 prisoners from Dachau were sent to Haslach im Kinzigtal near the current French border to work in a war-producing industry. The volcano was located inside a mountain, thus serving as a natural protection against allied bomb attacks. In addition to the volcano, two additional camps were established in Haslach, Sportpalatz and Kinzigdamm between September and December 1944. All three camps were evacuated towards the end of the war when the front approached and the prisoners were forced away on so-called death marches eastwards. In total, about 1700 slave workers from nineteen different countries were forced to work in one of the three camps, hundreds died.

Current status: Demolished with information boards (2011).

Address: B294, 77716 Haslach im Kinzigtal.

Get there: Car.

My comment:

To reach the site, the visitor must walk about 500 meters from the parking lot into the forest. The memorial itself is surrounded by steep slopes but despite its smallness is very atmospheric and consists in addition to information boards and monuments also of ruins. Other parts of the former area are today a landfill site for waste.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).