Athens – Kaisariani

In eastern Athens is a district called Kaisariani and there at a shooting range executed about 600 Greek citizens between 1942 and 1944. The largest execution took place on May 1, 1944, when about 200 were executed. This was an act of revenge for the murder of a German general and three officers who had taken place a few days earlier. Those executed were communists or people who had or were suspected of having links to the Greek resistance movement.

Current status: Preserved with museum (2019).

Location: 37°57'56.16"N 23°45'37.75"E

Get there: Bus.

My comment:

Kaisariani has become a national symbol of Greek resistance and suffering during the Second World War. There is a museum on the site but all information is unfortunately in Greek. Outside the museum and a little secluded next to a park is the monument itself and the place of execution. Its seclusion in the otherwise messy and crowdy Athens makes it appear a calm over the site.

Follow up in books: Mazower, Mark: Inside Hitler’s Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941–44 (1995).