Dünaburg Ghetto

The Germans occupied Daugavpils (german Dünaburg) at the end of June 1941 and promptly imposed anti-Jewish regulations against the city’s approximately 12,000 Jews. About 1,000 Jews were killed during the first week of the occupation as a result of mainly pogroms. In late July 1941, the nazis established a Jewish ghetto in a part of Daugavpils fort called the citadel. This part was separated from the rest of the fort by the Daugava River. Daugavpil’s ghetto differed from the other ghettos because no Jewish council was established or the Jews were forced into slave labour. The ghetto was more of a temporary repository for Jews from Daugavpils and nearby villages. The ghetto was immediately overcrowded and without adequate sanitary facilities, the lack of both food and medicines contributed to the situation becoming critical. Already at the end of July, the nazis conducted a selection of jews who were over sixty years old. These were promised to be relocated in another place but were instead murdered in a forest area called Pogulanka. In early and mid-August, thousands more Jews were murdered due to overpopulation. A further 11,000 Jews were murdered in Pogulanka in November. After that massacre, about 1,500 Jews remained in the ghetto forced into slave labor. In may 1942, the ghetto was dismantled and the remaining 1500 Jews were murdered and a few were forced into slave labour. In October 1943, the remaining Jews were transferred to the Kaiserwald concentration camp in Riga.

Current status: Preserved (2010).

Location: 55°52'50.65"N 26°29'20.40"E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The part of the fort that was the ghetto is 2010 part of a heavily guarded prison and can therefore not be visited.

Follow up in books: Arad, Yitzhak: Holocaust in the Soviet union (2009).