Lukiszki Prison

In Vilnius there is a prison called Lukiszki and it was used between 1941 and 1944 as a gathering place for Jews who were to be murdered in Paneriai (see Paneriai). When the ghetto 2 in Vilnius began to be dismantled, most of the Jews were sent to Paneriai where they were murdered. The deportations to Paneriai were carried out during september and october 1941 but the Nazi Einsatzkommandos who murdered the jews of Paneriai could not murder at the same rate as new jews arrived in Paneriai. Therefore, Lukiszki prison served as a gathering place for Jews in anticipation of being deported to Paneriai and murdered.

Current status: Preserved (2009).

Address: 6 Lukiskiu Skergatvis, 01108 Vilnius.

Get there: Walk from central Vilnius.

My comment:

Nazis using places like Lukiszki was common in mass executions and other collection actions. They were simply requisitioned for a short time and returned to previous purposes as soon as the action was completed and then reactivated when new needs were needed. It is rare that such places are noticed with any museum or monument because they were only a small part in the large context (getton, camp, place of execution). In 2009, the prison was still in use.

Follow up in books: Arad, Yitzhak: Holocaust in the Soviet union (2009).