Fünfbrunnen


In September 1940, the german regional leader, Gustav Simon, introduced the Nuremberg laws to the Jews of Luxembourg. Until then, the Jews could have lived relatively freely without having to face persecution. Jews in Luxembourg were allowed to emigrate to France (the free zone) and Portugal between August 1940 and May 1941. In may 1941 the germans stopped this possibility and in september 1941 the jews were forced to wear the yellow star of David. In October 1941, the german-approved jewish leader in Luxembourg announced that of the original 3,500 jews who were in the country in may 1940 (when Luxembourg was invaded), about 750 remained, the others had fled or emigrated. In Cinqfontaines (german Funfbrunnen), south of Troisverges in northern Luxembourg, the germans had closed a Jesuit monastery in march 1941. The monastery was strategically located near a railway line and became a transit camp for the remaining Jews in Luxembourg who were to be deported to Eastern Europe. As a cover, the Germans called the monastery Judische Altersheim (Jewish retirement home).

The first seven Jews arrived in August 1941 and by the end of the month the number had increased to about 100. The first (and largest) shipment departed on October 16, 1941, when 324 Jews were deported to the ghetto in Lodz. In October, the construction of nine barracks began right next to the monastery. During the winter of 41/42, 23 Jews died in the monastery due to hardship caused by the detention. Until the Germans dismantled the camp in June 1943, nearly 700 Jews had been deported to eastern Europe. In September 1943 Luxembourg was declared to Judenrein, only a few who remained in hiding or were married to aryans remained.

Current status: Preserved with monument. (2012).

Location: 50°06'28.35"N 6°00'24.25"E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

Whether the wooden barracks were completed or not, I do not know, but the monastery still exists even if there is no longer any kind of activity. There are discussions about whether a museum should be opened in parts of the monastery, but in 2012 no decision was made. The monastery is located quite far out in the countryside in a smaller valley.

Follow up in books: Gilbert, Martin: The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1987).