Luxemburg – Hollerich

Germany attacked Luxembourg simultaneously as they attacked Belgium, Holland and France in May 1940. Unlike the other countries, Luxembourg could not offer any resistance and was immediately occupied. From May to August 1942, Luxembourg was under military occupation. But when the country was incorporated into the German empire in August 1942 (Moselland), it was placed under a civil administration with Gustav Simon as Gauleiter (the supreme political leader). The transposition meant that the inhabitants became German citizens against their will and thus guilty of either military service or work service. This forced obligation was met with a great resistance that resulted in protests and a general strike. Since this recruitment did not take place voluntarily, the Germans were forced to use force. The deportations departed from Hollerich station in southern Luxembourg and altogether about 12,000 were deported eastward to mainly Germany. The majority of these were enlisted for work service. Jews were also deported from Hollerich, but the deportations were characterized by a security process that meant that they had to step on the trains a bit from the station.

Current status: Preserved with museum (2012).

Address: 3 A rue de la Déportation, 1415 Luxemburg.

Get there: Bus.

My comment:

Since Luxembourg is not associated with any known military battles or other known events, and a comparatively small Jewish population affected by the Holocaust, the collective memory of Luxembourg during the second world war becomes limited.

Follow up in books: Ulrich, Herbert: Hitler’s Foreign Workers: Enforced labor in Germany under the Third reich (2006).