Oslo - SS Court

In late April 1940, SS chief Heinrich Himmler established a special court called SS- und Polizeigericht IX. The purpose of the court was for it to rule in cases concerning the SS and the police. The head of the court was SS-Hauptsturmführer Hans Oscar. In September 1941, the German commissar Josef Terboven requested that the court also handle civil cases. This was after several strikes broke out in Oslo, where Norwegian citizens demanded higher wages and better working conditions. Terboven’s request was approved by Himmler and civilians could then also be brought before the special court. In civil cases, the court was called SS- und Polizeigericht Nord. The court sentenced about 150 Norwegian citizens to death, but still more were sentenced to prison.

Current status: Preserved with memorial tablet (2023).

Address: Kristinelundveien 22, 0268 Oslo.

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The former court is located in a lavish area called Frogner where, among other things, several countries’ embassies are located. There is a small memorial plaque mounted on an adjacent building. In 2023, Nordisk Skibsrederforening is housed on the premises.

Follow up in books: Höhne, Heinz: The Order of the Death’s Head: The story of Hitler’s SS (1969).