Bromberg – DAG

In a forest just southeast of Bydgoszcz (german Bromberg) in a part called Glinki, the germans began in 1939 to build a large ammunition factory. The factory belonged to the Dynamit-Aktien Gesellschaft (DAG) group, founded by Alfred Nobel in the 1860s. Over time, the company became the largest producer of ammunition in Germany. The factory in Bydgoszcz was built mainly with the help of slave workers who also came to work with the production itself. In december 1942 the labor force amounted to about 10 000 slave workers but at the end of the war as many as about 20 000 worked in the factory. These were housed in camps set up near the factory. The factory in Bromberg became the second largest of all the munitions factories that the Germans built during the war. Its main task was to produce explosives (nitroglycerin) and assemble ammunition. About 40,000 – 50,000 slave workers lost their lives during the factory’s existence.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished with museum (2021).

Location: 53°04' 15.26" N 18°04' 26.07" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The museum is divided into both an indoor and an outdoor area and it is really interesting where the time before the second world war flows together with the time of the second world war. Several of the rooms and tunnels have been renovated and interesting and are bound together by a two-kilometre loop that runs both indoors and outdoors. The exhibitions consist of a mixture of objects, photographs, text where everything is placed in an authentic environment. The big disadvantage is that although the museum is relatively new, all the information is in polish language. Outside the museum and in the surrounding forest there are several ruins that can be visited, however, at your own risk but which actually makes it even more interesting.

Follow up in books: Ulrich, Herbert: Hitler’s Foreign Workers: Enforced labor in Germany under the Third Reich (2006).