On June 11, 1942, the first anti-Jewish action began in the Tarnow ghetto. Razzias in the ghetto were carried out and those Jews who did not have special stamps in their actions (a proof that they worked in any industry) were taken away. Some were killed on the spot, others were killed at the Jewish cemetery. About 11,000 were deported to the Belzec extermination camp, but a large proportion were murdered in a wooded area called Buczyna about a mile west of Tarnow. In connection with the action, a total of about 6,000 Jews were murdered in Buczyna, each of about 800 were children.

Current status: Monument (2013).

Location: 49° 59' 06.78" N 20° 53' 59.55" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

Something I have noticed quite often when I have been to Poland and visited concentration camps, ghettos and execution sites is that groups with Israeli youth are surrounded with security meassures. Traveling with the groups are several security guards. At least one guard always goes before the group and at least one guard always goes after the group and in between there is usually someone or some guards who keep an eye on the surroundings. The contact between them is handled via earbuds. I hardly think they have permission to carry weapons but they let unwillingly ”unauthorized” get too close to the group. The mass graves in Buczyna are bound together by paths and when I was there in July 2013 I was initially alone but soon it came two men each of the one asked me if it was mine car in the parking lot. Then he walked around the area and sued so that no suspect was to take seriously. I spoke to him and he told me that such security practices are more or less mandatory for youth groups from Israel. Of course, everything has to do with the real or perceived threat that exists against Israeli targets. Groups traveling around the tracks of the Holocaust are obviously considered to be such a potential target and must be protected.

Follow up in books: Gilberg, Martin: Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1987).