Budy


About five kilometers southwest of Auschwitz, a satellite camp was established in April 1942 to Auschwitz, the main purpose of which was to conduct agriculture. The camp was established in 1941, but due to. the distance between Auschwitz and Budy, the SS decided that it would be more appropriate to set up a camp on the spot because it was time consuming to allow the prisoners to march to and from Auschwitz. At the establishment of the camp there were no more than 40 male prisoners in the camp, and in the early days only Poles were sitting in the camp, but later prisoners of other nationalities were also sitting in the camp, including jews. At the turn of the year 42/43, the camp was expanded with dozens of barracks and in 1944 it was expanded further. The constellation of the camp was changed and expanded from the beginning to only be a camp with male prisoners. Over time, a female camp was established and in 1943 a female penal company was established. The commander of the camp was SS-Oberscharfuhrer Hermann Ettinger before he was replaced by SS-Unterscharfuhrer Bernard Glause. The majority of the prisoners were women and in 1943 there were about 600 women in the camp. In January 1945, the SS began evacuating the camp and sent the prisoners to camps to the west.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished with memorial tablet (2015).

Location: 50°00'21.08" N 19°09'24.64" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

All former barracks areas far I know gone, but one building still exist with a memorial tablet on the facade. Not sure if the building is privately own. In 1942, 90 French jewels were killed by female kapos. The reason for this has never been established, Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höss defended the massacre as a response to a revolt.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).