Czestochowa – Jewish Cemetery


In eastern Czestochowa lies the Jewish cemetery that began to be built in the early nineteenth century. It is the fourth largest Jewish cemetery in Poland with about 5,000 graves. During the Second World War, the Germans buried Jews murdered at various times and locations in Czestochowa. It could be jews who were considered partisans, jews who had made armed resistance or jews who were considered by the germans to be a threat or future threat to German supremacy and were therefore murdered. The cemetery was also used as a place of execution. On July 21, 1943, about 200 Jews were shot. The majority of these were slave workers from German-controlled industries in Czestochowa. A small number of Jewish policemen and their families were also murdered on this occasion and buried in the same mass grave.

Current status: Preserved with monument (2023).

Location: 50°47' 55.92" N 19°10' 05.92" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The burial site (Cemetery) is surrounded by empty plots and industries. The last funeral took place in 1970, and I suspect that it has not been held on a regular basis since then. It is certainly not decayed, but it feels worn and old gravestones are a bit rumbling about noise and it was probably a long time since any relative visited these graves. However, the monuments honoring the victims of the Holocaust have been renovated or replaced with new monuments. The site still gives a slight feeling of discomfort as parts of it are located among trees that are at least as old as the graves that surrounds them.

Follow up in books: Gilberg, Martin: Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1987).