Eintrachthütte


In 1942, a Jewish labor camp was established in a steel mill in Eintrachthütte (now Swietochlowice), about five kilometers west of Katowice. In May 1943, the camp was subordinated to Auschwitz and consisted of several wooden barracks for the prisoners while the camp administration was housed in a brick building. The entire camp area was surrounded by a double barbed wire fence and strategically placed watchtowers. Initially, about 200 Jews and 300 Soviet prisoners of war sat in the camp, the number of prisoners was later increased when about 400 French forced labor joined. In 1944, about 1,400 Jewish prisoners were placed in the camp. Regardless of the number of prisoners and their origin, they were used as slave workers in a nearby steel mill where they manufactured cannons. Conditions were difficult with inadequate supplies, inadequate accommodation and the arbitrary behavior of the guards meant that death was ever present. Those who were no longer considered to be able to work were sent back to Auschwitz to be murdered. In 1944, the camp was evacuated as the Soviet Red army approached and the prisoners were sent to Mauthausen. The camp was liberated at the end of January 1945.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2013).

Location: 50°16'46.19" N 18°54'03.07" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

After the camp was liberated, the communist regime used the camp to imprison suspected citizens, mainly from Oberschlesia. The only thing that remains of the camp today is the former camp gate and a washbasin that stands on a private plot on the former camp area.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).