Fordon


Fordon is a district in eastern Bydgoszcz where the nazis in october and november 1939 murdered about 5000 poles in a ravine. These were murdered within what was called Aktion AB (Ausserordraliche Liberatedungsaktion), which aimed to murder Polish citizens who the Nazis considered could be potential leaders of a Polish resistance movement. Even before the war, the Nazis had compiled lists of intellectuals and educated people who would be murdered after the country was occupied. Those murdered had been collected by the Nazis and imprisoned in Bydgoszcz before being taken to Vehicles and murdered. After the war, the place was named Valley of Death (polish Dolna smierci).

Current status: Monument (2012).

Location: 53° 9' 23" N, 18° 8' 5" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The valley of death is a hilly hiking area located next to the city itself. It consists of both forest and meadows where the locals go to walk, walk the dog, jog or play. But the place is well-kept and there are a number of monuments, both large and small, that honor the victims. Execution sites like Vehicles, however, have received far less attention than similar places where Jews were the majority of victims.

Follow up in books: Lukas, Richard C: Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation 1939-1944 (2008).