Gdansk – Post Office


At 04:45 on 1 September 1939, the Germans attacked Poland by attacking the Polish garrison on Westerplatte outside Gdansk (then Danzig). But around the same time another attack was launched by German police and SS troops at the post office in Gdansk. What was supposed to be a simple German victory proved to be difficult enough. About 50 postal workers had armed themselves and offered strong resistance. But time spoke for the Germans, more guns, more crews, and the fact that parts of the building began to collapse under the constant onslaught of the Germans, including flamethrowers and firebombs, made that the defenders could not replace men and materials at the same rate as the attackers. The defenders therefore decided to surrender after about 17 hours of battle. The defenders considered by the Germans to be terrorists were tried twice in September. Unsurprisingly, all were sentenced to death and executed in early October 1939.

Current status: Preserved with museum (2023).

Address: Plac Obroncow Poczty Polskiej 1/2, 80-800 Gdansk.

Get there: Bus or walk from central Gdansk.

My comment:

The post office is still there and there is a museum that among other things takes up the attack and defense of the office on September 1. In front of the post office there is a large memorial dedicated to the fighting and in the courtyard behind the post office where the defenders gathered after they surrendered there is also a memorial monument.

Follow up in books: Moorhouse, Roger: Poland 1939: The Outbreak of World War II (2020).