Gorlice Ghetto


When the Germans occupied Gorlice in southeast Poland on September 7, 1939, about 4,500 – 5,000 Jews lived in the city. Immediately the Jews were subjected to spontaneous pogroms and anti-Semitic laws were introduced that drastically deteriorated the living conditions of the Jews. Jewish men were also forced into slave labor. Sporadic executions also occurred.  As of December 1939, all Jews over ten years of age were forced to wear a bracelet with a visible star as an identification mark. In mid-October 1941 the germans established a ghetto in the city where all the jews were forced to move. Only those with special work permits were allowed to leave the ghetto. Overcrowding, lack of supplies such as medicine and food contributed to miserable living conditions. In mid-August 1942, the germans began to dismantle the ghetto. Jews who were absolutely unnecessary began to be murdered. About 700 Jews were shot in Garbacz north of Gorlice. About 200 Jews were shot at various locations in Gorlice. In september, the remaining Jews were sent to the extermination camp Belzec where they were murdered in the gas chamber. A few escaped deportation and were instead sent to labor camps.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2019).

Address: Strazacka, 38–300 Gorlice.

Get there: Car.

My comment:

Hardly any of the more famous ghettos established in Poland. But those who sat there suffered and suffered the same fate as those who sat in the more famous ghettos like Warsaw, Krakow and Lodz.

Follow up in books: Gilbert, Martin: The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1987).