Harmense


In Harmense, about two kilometers from Auschwitz – Birkenau, a satellite camp was established in December 1941 to Auschwitz. About 50 Poles worked with the breeding of chickens and rabbits, as well as the maintenance of fish ponds. After the work, the prisoners were housed upstairs in a confiscated mansion. In June 1942, the male prisoners were moved to two buildings in the village (Harmense) and the manor was taken over by about 30 female prisoners. In the summer of 1943, the male part of the camp was dismantled and the male prisoners were transferred to the Budy satellite camp. In connection with the dismantling of the male camp, the work was taken over by the female prisoners. The breeding had then expanded to include thousands of turkeys, geese, ducks and rabbits. In 1945, the camp was evacuated and the prisoners were sent to the west.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished with monument (2015).

Location: 50°01'12.90" N 19°09'33.90" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

Being a prisoner in a satellite camp could often be a worse option than belonging to the main camp itself. Not infrequently, prisoners were forced to perform slave labor in quarries or dig canals/ditches with a high mortality rate as a result. But there were also satellite camps where mortality was significantly lower and performing slave labor on a farm like this was of course a better option. This did not mean that the prisoners were safe, but they could be sent back without reason or punished for something insignificant.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).