Kielce Gestapo Prison

Next to the castle in Kielce is a prison that dates back to the nineteenth century. When the Germans invaded Poland in September 1939, the prison was used for captured Polish prisoners of war. In October that year, the gestapo took over the prison and began imprisoning Polish citizens who were opponents or potential opponents of the german occupation. Prisoners were interrogated, often using torture to force recognition or disclosure. In addition to prisoners who were interrogated, tortured and beaten to death, there were also executions. Other prisoners were sent to other prisons or concentration camps. About 16,000 people went through the prison before it was taken over by the Soviet security service NKVD in January 1945. The difference was that this time it was opponents of the Soviet Union who ended up in prison.

Current status: Preserved with museum (2019).

Address: Zamkowa 3, 25–010 Kielce.

Get there: Walk from central Kielce.

My comment:

A moderately large but very interesting museum where several prison cells remain. Dark sound effects in the basement give the feeling of getting closer to history.

Follow up in books: Höhne, Heinz: The Order of the Death’s Head: The story of Hitler’s SS (1969).