Kolo


In December 1940 a ghetto was established for the remaining 2000 Jews in Kolo. Previously, Jews from Kolo had been deported to ghettos in the General government, including the ghetto in Izbica. In December 1941, the local nazis decided that the Jews of Kolos would be murdered because they were no longer needed as labor. They were deported by train to Powiercie and from there either by truck or on foot to the newly established extermination camp Chelmno, about a mile east of Kolo. The Jews were the first to be killed in Chelmno. From a logistical perspective, the station in Kolo became a hub for the Jews who were to be deported to Chelmno. The Jews deported by train to Kolo from other ghettos within the Wartheland (administrative area incorporated into Germany in 1939) were forced to change trains in Kolo. The reason was that the track gauge from Kolo and further towards Chelmno was narrower. The synagogue in Kolo also became an overnight place for Jews who arrived in Kolo late in the evening when it was too dark to go on to Chelmno. The synagogue was located about two kilometers from the station and the Jews were often forced to walk back and forth to the station.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished with monument (2015).

Location: 52°12'39.38" N 18°37'54.77" E (Station). 52°11'39.41" N 18°37'47.93" E (Synagogue).

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The Narrow-gauge railway remained until the 2000s, but in May 2015 it had been removed and the platform was heavily overgrown. The synagogue was demolished after the war but there is a monument on the site.

Follow up in books: Gilbert, Martin: The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War (1987).