Lublin Castle

In 1826, Tsarist Russia established a prison in the castle of Lublin. When the Germans occupied Lublin in September 1939, the German Secrurity Service (SD) and the Security Police (SIPO) took over the castle and its prison, which eventually became the largest prison in the region. Both men and women were imprisoned and the majority were Polish citizens suspected of, among other things, anti-German activities. Other prisoners were hostages or randomly arrested people who happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Between 1800 and 2400 people were imprisoned at the same time and between 1939 and July 1944, about 40,000 people were in prison.  The majority of them were deported to other prisons or camps, a few were executed and a few were released. Shortly before the arrival of the Red Army in Lublin, the Nazis murdered about 300 of the castle’s prisoners in Majdanek, but about a hundred also managed to escape in the chaos that arose during the evacuation. Between 1944 and 1954, the prison was used by the Communists to imprison anti-communists.

Current status: Preserved with museum (2011).

Address: ul. Zamkowa 9, 21-117 Lublin.

Get there: Walk from central Lublin.

My comment:

Unfortunately, when the castle was renovated in the mid-fifties, the prison was demolished and therefore there is nothing left of the prison itself.

Follow up in books:  Höhne, Heinz: The Order of the Death’s Head: The story of Hitler’s SS (1969).