Lublin – Lipowa 7

In October 1939, Lublin established the district’s supreme SS and police chief Odilo Globocnik a labor camp at a former sports facility on Lipowa 7. About 200 Jews from Lublin were forced to build dozens of barracks for both accommodation and production. In august and september 1940, the camp was used as a transit camp for about 15,000 Jews who were later deported to other camps within the Lublin district. In February 1941, there were about 3,000 Jews left in the camp and who were used as slave laborers. Hundreds of prisoners were also forced to work in 1941 to build a new large prisoner-of-war camp in an area called Majdan tatarski on the south-eastern outskirts of Lublin. In 1941, SS chief Himmler visited Lipowa. The camp also had a task within Operation Reinhardt when took care of, among other things, shoes stolen from Jews who were murdered.

The prisoners were considered important for the German war industry and, in comparison with other Jews in Lublin, had it better. This led to a form of hatred against the Lipowa Jews because they were treated better. This was something that changed when Himmler in the autumn of 1943 ordered the murder of all Jews in the Lublin district who were not absolutely necessary in industry. This was a consequence of the uprisings in the Treblinka and Sobibor camps earlier in the year. About 3,000 Jews were forced to go to Majdanek where they were murdered. This murder was carried out on November 3 and has been called Aktion Erntefest. After Erntefest, Lipowa became a satellite camp to Majdanek and a small number of prisoners were in the camp. The camp was dismantled and destroyed by the Nazis on July 22, 1944, and more than 200 prisoners were deported to Auschwitz.

Current status: Demolished with memorial tablet (2011).

Address: Lipowa 13, 20-024 Lublin.

Get there: Walk from central Lublin.

My comment:

In the early 2000s the land where the camp was located was bought by an Israeli businessman who planned to build a large shopping center (Lublin Plaza) with shops, restaurants and cinemas. What the businessman didn’t know, or in any case was not familiar with, was the history of the property. The site had not been explored and there were small remnants left of the camp and the news that a shopping center was planned created strong reactions among Jewish organizations. The problem was that all business contracts had already been concluded and could therefore not be broken. The businessman understood the problem of this and allowed the creation of a tablet under the premise that it was placed on the outside and not on the inside.

Follow up in books:  Arad, Yitzhak: Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka – The Operation Reinhardt death camps (1987).