Montelupich Prison


When Krakow was occuipied in the beginning of september 1939, the Gestapo took over a central prison on the street Montelupich and started to imprison people. Those who saw themselves imprisoned were political opponents, British and Soviet spies and paratroopers, people arrested at raids, deserters, Jews, and SS and SD staff convicted of crimes. Only male prisoners were held in prison while the female prisoners were in a nearby building. In total, about 1,000 male and 300 female could be housed at one and the same time. The Jewish prisoners were treated worst by all prisoners and sat in the prison cellars and were given smaller food rations than other prisoners. Not infrequently, they were sent to the Plaszow concentration camp to be murdered or deported to Auschwitz and Gross the Rose against an unknown fate. Prisoners were also executed in prison. The gestapo used the prison until the Germans evacuated Krakow in January 1945 and during this period about 20,000 people passed the prison.

Current status: Preserved (2012).

Address: ul. Montelupich 7, 31-155 Krakow.

Get there: Tram.

My comment:

On September 13, 1946, Amon Göth was hanged in prison. He was sentenced to death in a trial earlier in the autumn for his war crimes he committed as commander. after the Red Army captured Krakow, the Soviet security service NKVD took over the prison for a period. In 2012, the prison still existed and, as far as I know, there is no memorial or memorial to the victims between 1939 and 1945. Another interesting detail is that during ten months in 2010 the former leader of the Swedish National Socialist Front, Anders Högström, sat in prison for his involvement in the theft of the Arbeit Macht Frei sign that was stolen in Auschwitz under remarkable circumstances in December 2009.

Follow up in books: Höhne, Heinz: The Order of the Death’s Head: The story of Hitler’s SS (1969).