Oswiecim


About sixty kilometres west of Krakow in southern Poland is the city of Oswiecim. A city of about 40,000 inhabitants and is better known for its German name, Auschwitz, which for eternity will be associated with the concentration/extermination camps that was there between 1940 and 1945. The information about the three camps that were established is extensive and widely known, less known are the buildings that were established just outside the camps but which were still part of the camp complex. When Auschwitz I – Stammlager began to be established and the camp then expanded to two more camps (Auschwitz II – Birkenau and Auschwitz III – Monowitz), sales in the German also increased the staff and the installations needed to maintain such an extensive complex as Auschwitz were. The large number of SS officers demanded housing where they could live with their families. Special groceries were set up where only SS officers, their family members and maids could shop, daycare centers were set up, hotels for finer guests, butchery, bakery, power stations, waterworks, administration buildings, industries, fairs, sauna mm was only part of the buildings that were established just outside the prison camp itself. Oswiecim was more or less characterized by the camps and there were extensive plans to transform the city into a German pattern city.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished (2015).

Address: Wiezniów Oswiecimia 55, Oswiecim.

Get there: Car.

My comment:

None of these buildings are currently part of the museum but are beyond the museum’s control. Some have become private homes, businesses, industries while some are abandoned ruins. For my part it is a natural development to broaden the views and take on what is outside the ”barbed wire”. For those who want to do this, it takes at least one full day. All the buidlings are in the vicinity of Auschwitz main camp.

Follow up in books: Citroen Hans, Starzynska Barbara: Auschwitz – Oswiecim (2012).