Pawiak


Pawiak prison was built in 1835 and was even before the Germans occupied Warsaw the city’s main prison. In March 1940, the prison was taken over by SIPO, SD and Gestapo, and during the German occupation, some 65,000 people were imprisoned in one of the hundreds of cells that existed. Mainly Jews who stayed outside the ghetto without permission, but also Soviet prisoners of war and poles. Several Poles were sent to Palmiry where they were murdered. The prison also had a section for female prisoners called Serbia. Some 32,000 people were killed in prison or summary executions, 23,000 were sent to concentration camps and a few were released. Conditions in Pawiak can be equated with concentration camps. A few prisoners managed to escape but a July 1944 uprising failed. In august 1944, when the Soviet Red army approached Warsaw, the prisoners were evacuated and then the Germans blew up Pawiak.

Current status: Demolished with museum (2015).

Address: Dzielna 24/26, 00-162 Warszawa.

Get there: Bus.

My comment:

The only thing that was not completely destroyed was the basement where there is now a museum. When the area was cleaned up after the war, a number of original doors from the prison cells were found. These were restored and replaced in the reconstructed prison corridor.

Follow up in books: Lukas, Richard C: Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation 1939-1944 (2008).