Police


In northwestern Poland about ten kilometres north of Szczecin is a small town called Police. Police remained in what was then Germany until 1945 and was called Pölitz. In 1937, industrial giant IG Farben began to establish a large factory complex (about 15 hectares) for the manufacture of synthetic fuel. The plant was called Hydrierwerke Politz AG and was one of a total of twelve plants established for this purpose. From the very beginning, there was a specific purpose of the factory to produce fuel intended for the German armed forces. In connection with the outbreak of war, the rate of production increased and as a labor force, slave workers were picked up from six nearby labor camps, Tobruklager, Pommernlager, Nordlager, Wullenweverlager, Hagerwelle and Dorrfeldlager. In 1943 the factory produced 15 percent of Germany’s total fuel production and thus became an obvious target for intense allied bombings, but despite the bombings, production was never completely knocked out. About 13,000 prisoners died during the factory’s existence. After the war, the badly damaged factory was left to its fate.

Current status: Demolished (2012).

Location: 53°33'31.29" N 14°33'06.70" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The whole area can be visited and there are several ruins that still remain and these give an impressive impression. It’s really interesting to walk into them and climb up the floors but is nothing for those who have the slightest sense of height fright. There are absolutely no safety measures at all, everything is done at your own risk and it is important to be vigilant because there are treacherous holes and debris that can be associated with danger to life. Some ruins also seem to be more or less dilapidated and will probably fall apart in a few years than they had until 2012. But that is perhaps what makes the area so fascinating that it is completely left to its fate and thus a little dangerous. It is also noticeable that the ruins are visited by many because there are trampled paths up to the more majestic ruins while other smaller ruins are barely visible in the dense vegetation. Extinct fires, graffiti and other things that people brought with them also testify that the area is visited.

Follow up in books: Ulrich, Herbert: Hitler’s Foreign Workers: Enforced labor in Germany under the Third reich (2006).