Przemysl – Molotov Line

In mid-September 1939, the Soviets attacked Poland and occupied the territory assigned to them in the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact with Germany. As Poland ceased to exist, the new Soviet border were moved westwards and bordered German-occupied Poland. The former border with Poland had been defended by the Stalin Line. But since the new Soviet border was moved westward, Stalin line was now located deep into Soviet territory and did not fullfill any function. Therefore, the Soviet Union began to build a new line of defense along the new german/soviet border. The new line of defence was called the Molotov line after the Soviet foreign minister, Vyacheslav Molotov. It stretched about 1300 kilometres from the Baltic Sea in the north, down to the Carpathians in the south. When Germany attacked the Soviet Union in June 1941, it was not completed and not sufficiently manned and was therefore quickly forced by the germans.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished (2009).

Address: Marszalka Józefa Pilsudskiego 4, 37-700 Przemysl,

Get there: Walk from centrala Przemysl.

My comment:

Unlike all the museums found along Maginot line in France, West Wall in Germany and Ostwall in Poland (then Germany), it does not seem to be similar museums along Molotov Line, only scattered abandoned ruins ca be found.

Follow up in books: Hook, Adam & Short, Neil: The Stalin and Molotov Lines: Soviet Western Defences 1928-41 (Fortress) (2008).