Radzieje


Just east of Radzieje, about twenty kilometres northeast of Hitler’s military headquarters Wolfschanze, the head of the Hans Lammers Reichstag had his headquarters. The place was called Wendula and consisted of two bunkers and a small number of barracks. The fact that Lammers headquarters was located outside Wolfschanze was because Hitler wanted to spread the German leadership from a security perspective. If Wolfschanze was subjected to a devastating bomb attack, the entire Nazi leadership would not risk being knocked out.

Current status: Demolished (2013).

Location: 54° 08' 51.84" N 21° 35' 43.10" E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The place is located about 500 – 600 meters from the road and can not be reached by a regular car because the road from the main road leaves isn’t suited for cars. Some of the bunkers and ruins are surrounded by dense vegetation in the summer and not easy to find. Stinging nettles also do not make it easy to get around.

Lammers was appointed as head of the Reichstag on 30 January 1933 and eventually came to be responsible for all communication and advice between the political departments. In 1937 he became a member of Hitler’s cabinet and from 1939 a member of the ministerial board for the national defense. As such, he had access to documents relating to national security before they reached Hitler. From January 1943, Lammers served as Hitler’s deputy at cabinet meetings and, together with Hitler’s personal secretary Martin Bormann, checked who was to be auditioned at Hitler. In the same year, Bormann, together with Lammers and OKW’s manager Wilhelm Keitel, tried to create a group that would control the home front.

But other prominent figures in the Nazi top condition such as Goebbels, Goering, Speer and Himmler saw this trio as a threat to their own positions and did everything they could to split it. But the trio had in fact their own contradictions and never achieved their goal. After the attack on Hitler in July 1944, Lammers power was increasingly taken over by Bormann and his position became more or less insignificant. After the war, he testified in the Nuremberg Trial and in 1949 he himself was tried in the ministerial trial and sentenced to twenty years in prison but was released as early as 1952. He died in 1962 at the age of 82 in Düsseldorf.

Follow up in books: Kershaw, Ian: Hitler – A Biography (2008).