About twenty kilometres northeast of Auschwitz, a satellite camp was established in August 1944 to Auschwitz III – Monowitz. Between 600 –,800 Jewish prisoners were used as slave workers to expand an existing oil refinery. In January 1945, the prisoners were evacuated to Bergen-Belsen and Sachsenhausen respectively.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2013).

Address: Kruczkowskiego 8, 32-540 Trzebinia.

Get there: Car.

My comment:

Trzebinia was only one of the approximately 50 satellite camps that belonged to one of the three Auschwitz camps, but it was one of the largest. The oil refinery still exists and is the economic heart of today’s Trzebinia.

Follow up in books: Kogon, Eugen: The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them (2006).