Warsaw – Ochota


When the Warsaw uprising broke out on 1 August 1944, the civilian population was brutally affected. The Germans were determined to stifle the uprising in their infancy and one method was to strike the civilian population in a very brutal way. During the uprising, the Germans and their collaborators carried out several large and small massacres of civilians. Such a massacre took place between 4 – 25 August 1944, when German collaborators committed numerous murders, robberies, lootings, rapes and arson in a district in Warsaw called Ochota. The most serious crimes were committed in a cancer hospital and in a temporary camp called Zieleniak. The perpetrators belonged to Russian voluntary units called RONA (Russian national liberation army) under the leadership of Bronislav Kaminski. About 10,000 civilians were killed in what has been called the Ochota massacre.

Current status: Monument (2015).

Location: 52°13'20.13"N 20°59'16.98"E

Get there: Bus.

My comment:

The Massacre did not take place in one place, but it was carried out in several different places and many times purely spontaneously. In several of these places there are either monuments or memorials but far from all places are memorialized.

Follow up in books: Davies, Norman: Rising ’44: The Battle for Warsaw (2004).