Warsaw – Swietokrzyski


In 1912, pediatrician Janusz Korczak opened an orphanage for Jewish orphans in Warsaw. These children were often underprivileged with little chance of survival. But Korczak gave these children an opportunity by giving them shelter, education, medical care and, not least, the conditions to succeed in life. When the Germans established the jewish ghetto in Warsaw in October 1940, Korczak was forced to move the orphanage to the ghetto and less functional premises. Korczak and his helpers nevertheless continued insofar as it was possible to provide for the well-being of the children. The hunt for food and medicine was the most important. By the end of July 1942, the Germans had begun deporting the Warsaw jews to Treblinka where they were murdered. On August 5, 1942, the Germans came to the orphanage to pick up the approximately 200 children for eastward transport (Treblinka). Korczak was offered free rein to the Aryan side, but declined the offer and instead chose to be deported along with the children to Treblinka. They were murdered in the gas chamber on the day they arrived.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2022).

Location: 52°14' 01.32" N 21°00' 16.61" E

Get there: Tram.

My comment:

The former orphanage does not exist but a monument has been erected on the site and is today located in a park called Swietokrzyski right next to the Cultural Palace. Korczak has together with among others. Anne Frank, Oscar Schindler, Raoul Wallenberg become a strong personal symbol of the Holocaust and there are in Warsaw several monuments dedicated to him and the children, Warsaw Jewish Cemetery to name one. The original orphanage is still in use and there is also a monument.

Follow up in books: Korczak, Janusz: Ghetto Diary (2003).