Königsberg - Fort V

Between 1872 and 1890, twelve fortresses were built around Königsberg and one of these was Fort König Friedrich-Wilhelm III in the city’s northwestern outskirts, also called the fifth fort. Before the Soviet attack on Königsberg in the spring of 1945, the german defense had put positions in these forts. Bitter battles were fought and especially at the fifth fort defended by a German garrison of about 200 men. However, the Soviet pressure became overpowering and on the night between 7 and 8 april they stormed and conquered the fort. Noteworthy is that the fort was not considered of any great military importance, yet no less than fifteen soviet soldiers were awarded the highest military award of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Soviet Union, for their efforts and sacrifices during the fighting at the fort.

Current status: Partly preserved/demolished with museum (2013).

Location: 54°45'08.1"N 20°26'36.3"E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

The museum was opened in 1979 and outside the fort there are various military equipment on display. On the inside you can walk around in some of the aisles and take part of the exhibitions (russian) while other aisles are closed to visitors. It is also possible to walk around on the exterior of the fort. The main monument is large and express heroism and suffering in a way that was so typical in Soviet union.

Follow up in books: Kershaw, Ian: The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-1945 (2011).