Kiev – Pavlov Hospital


On September 19, 1941, the Germans occupied Kiev and, according to Nazi racial ideology, mentally and physically handicapped people had no right to exist. In mid-October 1941, Nazi murder units murdered about 300 Jewish patients from the hospital’s psychiatry department. The bodies were buried near Babi Yar, where the much larger and more famous murder of Kiev’s Jewish population had taken place about two weeks earlier. In addition to Jewish patients, there were also other patients who were spared initially, and these sought the hospital’s doctors to protect by either prescribing them or moving them to currently safer hospitals. On three occasions in 1942, another 500 patients were murdered. These were murdered in so-called gas wagons, trucks with a hermetically sealed cargo space in which the truck’s engine exhaust was led in. More than 800 patients were killed in the hospital.

Current status: Preserved with monument (2019).

Location: 50°28'54.88"N 30°28'13.59"E

Get there: Metro to Dorohozhychi Station.

My comment:

When I visited the site in 2019, I experienced an unpleasant feeling. Whether it was due to its history or the fact that I was in a Ukrainian (soviet) mental hospital, I can’t tell, but probably the latter.

Follow up in books: Friedlander, Henry: The Origins of Nazi Genocide – From euthanasia to the final solution (1995).