Syrets


In northwestern Kiev in a part called Syrets just next to the gorge Babi Yar, the nazis set up in spring 1942 a camp for Soviet prisoners of war and Jews who escaped the massacres the previous autumn. Initially, the prisoners were forced to live outdoors and only during the summer were poorly built barracks established. In August 1943, more than 300 prisoners from Syrets were recruited to participate in the macabre work of cremating the bodies of the Jews murdered at Babi Yar in the autumn of 1941. The work was part of an action called Sonderkommando in 1005 whose task was to open the mass graves and cremate the bodies of the Jews who were murdered. The cremation lasted six weeks in august and september. At the end of September 1943, about 25 prisoners carried out a revolt because the next day they would be murdered, of which 15 managed to escape. When the Soviet Red Army liberated Kiev on 6 november 1943, they took over the camp and used it to imprison German prisoners of war. The camp was finally demolished in 1946.

Current status: Demolished with monument (2011).

Location: 50°28'11.6"N 30°26'35.1"E

Get there: Metro to Dorogozhychi Station.

My comment:

In the summer of 1942, a number of football players from Dynamo Kiev were forced to play show matches against German, Romanian and Hungarian teams in Kiev. The team was called Start and they won all the games they played. Later during the war, several of the Starts players were executed or ended up in, among other things. Syrets, but not because they won the games.

Follow up in books: Arad, Yitzhak: Holocaust in the Soviet union (2009).