Zhytomyr


At the outbreak of the Second World War, about 30,000 Jews lived in Zhytomyr, which corresponded to about a third of the city’s population. When the Germans in early July 1941 occupied Zhytomyr, a majority of them had fled. In the wake of the German army, murder commands belonging to the SS arrived, which immediately began with sporadic executions of Jews. A smaller ghetto for the city’s Jews was established in the city. But already in September 1941, the ghetto was dismantled and residents were taken to various places on the outskirts of the city where they were murdered by murder commands from the SS. More than 5,000 Jews were murdered between July and September 1941. One reason why the ”jude question” in Zhytomyr got a quick solution is that SS chief Heinrich Himmler planned a German colony with ethnic Germans who, voluntarily or involuntarily, were moved to Zhytomyr. The colony was named Hegewald, which was also the name of Himmler’s field headquarters, which was established just south of Zhytomyr.

Current status: Monument (2019).

Location: 50°17'24.19 N 28°36'16.54 E

Get there: Car.

My comment:

Simple but stylish monuments located within hiking areas but as visitors you probably need to know about where they are. It seems to move people in the area so easiest is to ask someone and because English can often be a scarce product, I recommend that you have a picture of the monuments with you.

Follow up in books: Arad, Yitzhak: Holocaust in the Soviet union (2009).